The History of Diwali Festival, Diwali is the biggest festival in India. It is a five days festival and each day has its own significance. In addition, each day of celebration different as per the regions.
Festivals in India
India is a land of festivals and traditions. This magical land is blessed with the diversity of people residing in it. India is a secular country. It believes in giving freedom to people from all the communities to celebrate the festivals according to their religion. There are innumerable festivals relates to the different religion of people. Each festival is versatile and has its own significations and meaning to its origin. All Indian festivals are associated with a specific period of time. The festivals also have its importance according to it. There is not a single season where there is no festival celebrated in India. Every month is associated with some or the other belief which also makes India a religious and colorful country.
India has led a great example of ‘unity in diversity’. People from all cast and creed celebrate all the festivals together with the same faith and belief.
DIWALI – The Festival of Lights and Prosperity
There are many stories leading to the answer to why does India celebrate Diwali every year. The major significance of this festival is the victory of light over darkness. Hence, the festival is also termed as the festival of lights.
Diwali falls in the month of Kartika as per the Hindu calendar. It is also known as the new beginnings. People in India believe it to be auspicious to start new projects after the Diwali puja. This festival is also known as the happiest festival in India. In this festival relative and friends gets together at each other’s houses. And, pass best wishes and regards for the new beginnings.
People Clean, renovate, and decorate their houses in and out with different types of colorful lights. They also put lights on the edge of the roofs of their houses and makes it look new and happy. People buy new clothes and prepare the variety of sweets and snacks for the festival. Girls and females of the house decorate their houses. They decorate with some cool shapes of Diyas (oil lamps made out of clay) and doing Rangoli ( colorful floor art ).
History of Diwali Festival
Ancient India celebrated Diwali as a festival of summer harvesting. Which falls in the month of Kartika as per the Hindu calendar. In Sanskrit, the festival is termed as Padma Purana and Skanda Purana. The diyas in Skanda Purana is symbolized as Parts of the sun. Which provides us the holy light and positive vibes for the all the creatures.
Furthermore, there are different stories as per different communities leading to why they celebrate Diwali.
History of Diwali Festival in Hinduism
Hindus all over the world celebrates Diwali in the honor of Lord Ram when he returns back to Ayodhya along with wife Sita, brother Lakshman, and Lord Hanuman after Ram defeated Ravana from the exile of 14 years. Villagers Illuminated their path back to Ayodhya with the diya in the praise of Lord Ram, Sita, Lakshman, and Hanuman.
Some also celebrate in the memory of the Return of Pandavas from 12 years of vanvas and a year of agyatvas mentioned in Mahabharata.
The festival is a pack of 5 days of celebration starting from the first day i.e the birth of Maha Lakshmi who is the wife of Lord Vishnu. The night of Diwali is also celebrated as Maha Lakshmi chose Lord Vishnu as her husband. People also worship Lord Ganesha who is the symbol of ethical new beginnings, who is fearless and the remover of the obstacles. They also worship Maa Saraswati who blessed the land with music, literature and learning. Kubera also worshiped as he taught us the methods of bookkeeping and money management.
Hindus believe that Diwali is the day when Lord Vishnu came back to Maha Lakshmi. They believe those who worship Maha Lakshmi on this day gets the benefit of Lakshmi’s good mood and bless with them mental, physical and financial wellness in the family.
The eastern India celebrate Diwali by worshiping Maha Kali and they call it Kali puja.
The north India celebrates in the memory of the incident of the Govardhan Parvat lifted by lord Krishna in the times of foods in Braj. They celebrate it as a Govardhan Puja. They offer ankoot (different dishes of different cuisine is prepared) to the Lord.
Some regions also celebrate as the New Year as per the Hindu calendar.
History of Diwali Festival in Sikhism:
Shiks celebrate this day in the memory of the day when Guru Har Govind got freedom along with some kings and came to the Golden Temple from the fort of Gwalior who were imprisoned by Jahangir. Since this incident Sikhs celebrates this day as “bandi chor divas”.
History of Diwali Festival in Jainism
Jains have their special importance for the festival of Diwali. On this day Mahavir the Last Tirthankaras attained nirvana at Pavpuri on 15th October which was Karthik Krishna Amavasya. People celebrate this festival in the memory of Mahavir by making the offerings of Nirvana laddoos.
History of Diwali Festival in Buddhism:
The Newar people in Nepal celebrates this festival by offering prayers to Maha Lakshmi. Also, these people celebrate Diwali for five days also by worshiping Lord Vishnu and Maha Lakshmi.